When you think of a bunion, what is the first thing that comes to mind? For some, they might think of discomfort, pain or irritation. For others, they are completely unaware of what a bunion is! To clear anything up, a bunion is a bump that forms on the side of the big toe. This can happen for many reasons and can be the cause of discomfort for many.
Let’s dive into some of the main causes of bunions. One of the main thoughts as to why bunions occur is genetic, a faulty foot structure inherited from generations prior. The conditions that contribute to bunions can be flat feet, abnormal bone structure or extremely pliable ligaments to no fault of our own. With that being said, there are factors that may worsen or form a bunion such as shoes that are too small or too tight, shoes with a tapered toe box, arthritis in your feet and also standing for an extended period of time.
When it comes to treating bunions, there are surgical and non-surgical options depending on the severity.
- Wearing shoes that provide the appropriate amount of room for your toes.
- A “pad” or “guard” over the bunion to prevent rubbing and discomfort
- Correctional devices such as custom-made orthotics
- Sometimes, if the pain can be too much, taking over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen or naproxen can help.
- Many options for surgery can be explored but the most common would be a bunionectomy. It involves removing swollen tissue from the joint and correcting the position of the big toe by removing some of the bone.
In either case, if you think you are struggling with a bunion, don’t be afraid to come into your local Chiropody clinic and get a thorough examination and a plan of care for you!